Psychological diseases are gaining more and more space in the medical field, being considered by some studious the evil of the century, as more and more people are affected worldwide. Among these diseases we have schizophrenia, which consists of a mental condition that modifies the perception of reality of the individual, impairing his memory and development of basic activities that require concentration and memorization. Because it develops mainly between adolescence and adulthood, without a defined cause, many studies and tests have been conducted for decades in order to o find out the precise causes of such disorders, since only with an accurate diagnosis can effective treatment be determined. From this perspective, this article aims to conduct a survey and discussion of the theoretical material already existing regarding the neurobiology of a schizophrenic in order to understand its mental disorders. Although research indicates which region of the brain, when affected, can cause disturbances there is no accuracy as to how the process occurs, it was also possible to notice little evolution in studies, and lack of accuracy of the causes of the changes neurobiologics which result in disorders.
Keywords: Psychic diseases. Neurobiology. Mental disorders.
Ricardo dos Santos Cirilo;
Isabeline Maria de Góis Mendes Oliveira;
Fausto Pierdoná Guzen.