Dietotherapy in Health Promotion and Recovery in Seropositive Patients

Abstract:
Introduction: Nutritional guidance Works as a gradual process of diet adhering, whereby human immunodeficiency virus patients are advised to take responsibility and become aware of the food relationship in the treatment itself. Thus, it is possible to promote a better quality of life for these patients. Objectives: Address the need for nutritional care and follow-up of seropositive human immunodeficiency patients. Methods: Consists of a literature review, where an electronic research was carried out in the databases: PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, Capes Journal Portal, as well as printed literature, covering the years between 1995 and 2020. Results: Nutritional assessment of seropositive patients should be comprehensive and judicious, including the detection of symptoms associated with viral infection and anthropometric and biological parameters. From this, nutritional risks are identified and associated with gastrointestinal, autoimune and opportunistic pathologies. It is essential that HIV-patients receive nutritional therapy early and continuously, aiming at food reeducation and adequate supply of macros and micronutrients. Conclusion: Since there is no pre-established definitive nutritional assessment or therapy for HIV-patients, the main purpose of treatment is the recovery of nutritional status as well as its immunological status, thus promoting necessary conditions for body homeostasis and disease remission.

Keywords: Nutritional Assessment; Supplementation; Immunodeficiency.

Authors:
Marcos Vinícius Luz de Oliveira;
Natália Chagas de Oliveira;
Francisco Sérvulo de Oliveira Carvalho;
Lara Barbosa de Souza.

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