Vol 2(2) Mar-Apr

Bioactive and Nutraceutical Properties of Mushrooms in Body Aesthetic

Abstract:

Mushrooms are fruiting bodies of fungi, some species of edible mushrooms being used as part of traditional diets, such as a Mediterranean. In this sense, edible mushrooms have emerged as a viable alternative increasingly common in the Brazilian table due to their nutritional properties. This article aimed to evaluate the benefits of the bioactive and nutritional properties of mushrooms on body aesthetics. This study consists of a literature review where an electronic search was performed in the United States: PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, Scientific Electronic Library, Online Databases (SciELO), Scopus, Web of Science, Medline via Proquest and Capes Periodicals covering the years 1989-2019, using the terms “Nutrient Mushrooms” “Mushrooms, Vitamins, Food Supplementation” “Mushrooms and Nutrition and Micronutrients” “Mushrooms and Nutrition and Macronutrients”“Nutrient Mushrooms and Nutraceuticals “Mushroom and aesthetics” Mushroom and antioxidant. Mushrooms are rich in proteins with good bioavailability, low lipid content and excellent fiber source that can be used as nutritional, advanced for their bioactive compounds, polyphenols and other biological compounds that perform body aesthetic activities.

Keywords: Mushrooms. Macronutrients. Micronutrients. Body Aesthetics.

Authors:
Vinicius Umbelino de Freitas;
Anna Ingrid Soares de Sousa Espindola;
Catarina Melissa Carlos de Castro;
Fernando Liberalino Fernandes ;
Ninodja Kadja Peixoto Nóbrega;
Jenifer Kristina Alves Almeida;
Fausto Pierdoná Guzen.

Benefits of Supplementation with Herbal Medicines in Anabolic Hormone Replacement Related to Aging

Abstract:

Exercise can be carried out according to the morphological and physiological changes of the living organism over time. The increase in life expectancy is also an achievement along with functional decline and increased disease are observed. Aging in a healthy way for a general well-being, however, when aging is not successful, the elderly have a great tendency towards a functional, cognitive and other diseases, generating the total dependence of basic activities, thus determining the need care. The present article had the objective of supplementation with phytotherapics in the anabolic hormone replacement related to aging. The study was based on the literature review, and a case study was done in the United States. Library of Medicine, Pub Direct, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, Electronic Scientific Library, Online Databases (SciELO), Scopus, Web of Science, Medline via Proquest and Periodics capturing the years between 2007 and 2019, using the terms of reference “Aging and Metabolic Alterations” “Aging and Phytotherapics” “Aging and Tribulus terrestris” “Aging and Maca Peruvian” “Aging and Ginseng”, in addition we related the term hormone with each phytotherapeutic mentioned. They observe that the herbal remedies Tribulus terrestris, Maca peruana and Ginseng possess in their combination with the chemistry, anabolic, being thus, a supplementation with these products can allow an anabolic hormonal balance, generating the effect in the levels of catabolic hormones, providing a better This topic was extracted from population longevity.

Keywords: Aging. Anabolic Hormones. Herbal Medicine. Supplementation

Authors:
Anna Ingrid Soares de Sousa Espindola;
Bruna Stefany Souza Sabino;
Catarina Melissa Carlos de Castro Duarte;
Gabrielle Tereza Santos de Souza;
Marina Geovanni Marques de Santana;
Ninodja Kadja Peixoto Nóbrega;
Pedro Henrique Bezerra Gomes;
Ana Katarina Dias de Oliveira;
Fausto Pierdoná Guzen.

Serum Concentration on Mineral Zinc and Cognitive Changes in Children: a Review

Abstract:

Introduction: Micronutrient deficiencies in children in developing countries remain a public health problem, as they are persistently common. Among them, zinc is an essential trace element and plays a crucial role in biological functions and physiological processes in humans. Disorders of zinc balance during life appear to be an important factor correlated with the development of CNS diseases. This research aimed to conduct a literature review on the proportion of research involving zinc and brain development in children. Methods: A search was performed in the Pubmed, Scorpus, and Web of Science databases, and articles from the last 5 years were retrieved. According to the criteria, 7 articles were chosen to compose this review. Results: 57% revealed that children with ASD have low serum zinc levels, and 29% of the studies found lower plasma zinc levels in children diagnosed with ADHD. Revealing that attention to the levels of zinc in the plasma must be special, since mainly the levels of micronutrients, are decisive for a good biological, physiological, neurobiological, and behavioral development, acting on the personality and formation of the human being. Conclusion: In this perspective, we emphasize the importance of giving greater attention to the serum levels of adequate zinc in the human body, renewing the knowledge that adequate nutrition is of great importance for normal development from pregnancy to aging.

Keywords: Child. Zinc. Brain.

Authors:
Samillys Valeska Bezerra de França Silva;
Micheline Morgane Figueiredo Costa Souza;
Jéssica Raque de Santana;
José Edvan de Souza Júnior;
José Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti.

Neurobiology of Schizophrenia: an Integrative Review

Abstract:

Psychological diseases are gaining more and more space in the medical field, being considered by some studious the evil of the century, as more and more people are affected worldwide. Among these diseases we have schizophrenia, which consists of a mental condition that modifies the perception of reality of the individual, impairing his memory and development of basic activities that require concentration and memorization. Because it develops mainly between adolescence and adulthood, without a defined cause, many studies and tests have been conducted for decades in order to o find out the precise causes of such disorders, since only with an accurate diagnosis can effective treatment be determined. From this perspective, this article aims to conduct a survey and discussion of the theoretical material already existing regarding the neurobiology of a schizophrenic in order to understand its mental disorders. Although research indicates which region of the brain, when affected, can cause disturbances there is no accuracy as to how the process occurs, it was also possible to notice little evolution in studies, and lack of accuracy of the causes of the changes neurobiologics which result in disorders.

Keywords: Psychic diseases. Neurobiology. Mental disorders.

Authors:
Ricardo dos Santos Cirilo;
Isabeline Maria de Góis Mendes Oliveira;
Fausto Pierdoná Guzen.

Clinical Applications of Nitric Oxide: Comprehensive Review

Abstract:

Around the year of 1986 nitric oxide was no longer seen by health professionals as a highly toxic molecule and began to be considered in clinical treatments. However, the discovery of their positive functions does not mitigate their negative characteristics, because of this, research and tests are performed on the functionalities and risks, however doubts and fears are still common. In biological organisms, nitric oxide may react with molecules and attenuate various processes, whereas when in contact with a high amount of the oxide or a been exposed for too long may cause intoxication. Therefore, further research and testing with the use of oxide are required to avoid com plications. Hence, the objective of the present research is to present the clinical complications caused by the use of nitric oxide in various treatments.

Keywords: Nitric Oxide. Clinical Application.

Authors:
Isabeline Maria de Góis Mendes Oliveira;
Ricardo dos Santos Cirilo;
Fausto Pierdoná Guzen.

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