Introduction: The Vascular Dementia (VaD) is an irreversible neurocognitive disorder related to cerebrovascular disorders. It is considered the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease. Methods: The references included reviews published in the last 5 years, found through a search on PubMed database using the terms “Vascular Dementia”, “Clinical Diagnosis” and “Cerebrovascular Disease”. The articles were selected by analyzing the title and the abstract. Results: The initial search found 2556 results. 105 articles were selected when analyzed by time period, type of work (review) and MEDLINE filters. Those were the ones analyzed by tittle and by abstract, which left 9 articles considered useful for the proposal. Discussion: An insufficient amount of data about the physiopathology of the Vascular Cognitive Impairment (VCI) were found. The absence of epidemiological data about VaD makes it impossible to develop researches related to the quantitative contribution of the vascular disease for VCI. The presence of coexisting comorbities in patients with VaD is a possible presentation, which turns important the correct identification of other simultaneous dementia cases. Conclusion: The VaD is considered a cognitive disorder that incorporates behavioral symptoms and locomotor system abnormalities. The repercussion of vascular disease in cognition is already known, but recent studies and advances in neuropathology, genetic and epidemiology have helped to deeply understand the VaD and its relation with VCI.
Keywords: Vascular Dementia; Clinical Diagnosis; Cerebrovascular Disease.
Alcivan Batista de Morais Filho;
Bárbara Mayã Austregésilo de Alencar;
Danilo Alvarenga Ferreira;
Marconi Edson Maia Júnior;
Renan Cavalcante Souza;
Tatiana Leal Marques and
Fausto Pierdoná Guzen